上海凯迅发动机有限公司

脱兔电竞

021-3391 0332ENGLISH

维护知识


  CHAIYOUJIDEZHENGQUEBAOYANG,TEBIESHIYUFANGXINGDEBAOYANG,SHIZUIRONGYIDE,ZUIJINGJIDEBAOYANG,YINCISHIYANZHANGSHIYONGSHOUMINGHEJIANGDISHIYONGCHENGBENDEGUANJIAN。SHOUXIANBIXUZUOHAOCHAIYOUJISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGDERIBAOGONGZUO,GENJUSUOFANYINGDEQINGKUANG,JISHIZUOHAOBIYAODEDIAOZHENGHEXIULI,JUCIYONGHUKEANBUTONGDEGONGZUOQINGKUANGJISHIYONGJINGYAN,ZHIDINGCHUBUTONGDEBAOYANGRICHENGBIAO。

  RIBAOBIAODENEIRONGYIBANYOURUXIAJIGEFANGMIAN:

  MEIBANGONGZUODERIQIHEQIZHISHIJIAN;CHANGGUIJILUSUOYOUYIBIAODEDUSHU;GONGLVDESHIYONGQINGKUANG;RANYOU、JIYOU、LENGQUEYESHIFOUSHENLOUHECHAOHAO;PAIQIYANSEHESHIFOUYOUYICHANGSHENGYIN;FASHENGGUZHANGDEQIANHOUQINGKUANGJICHULIYIJIAN。

维护保养的主要内容

保养分级如下:

  RICHANGWEIHU(MEIBANGONGZUO)

脱兔电竞   YIJIJISHUBAOYANG(LEIJIGONGZUO100hHUOMEIJIANGEYIGEYUE)

  ERJIJISHUBAOYANG(LEIJIGONGZUO500hHUOLIUGEYUE)

  SANJIJISHUBAOYANG(LEIJIGONGZUO1000h——1500hHUOMEIJIANGEYINIAN)

脱兔电竞   WULUNJINXINGHEZHONGBAOYANG,DOUYINGYOUJIHUA、YOUBUZHOUDIJINXINGCHAIJIANHEANZHUANG,BINGHELIDISHIYONGGONGJU,YONGLIYAOSHIDANG,JIETIHOUDEGELINGBUJIANBIAOMIANYINGBAOCHIQINGJIE,BINGTUSHANGFANGXIUYOUHUOYOUZHIFANGZHISHENGXIU;ZHUYIKECHAILINGJIANXIANGDUIWEIZHI,BUKECHAILINGJIANDEJIEGOUTEDIAN,YIJIZHUANGPEIJIANXIHEDIAOZHENGFANGFA。TONGSHIYINGBAOCHICHAIYOUJIJIFUJIANQINGJIEWANZHENG。

1.日常维护

序号 保养项目 进行程序
1 检查燃油箱燃油量
观察燃油箱存油量,根据需要添加
2 检查油底壳中机油平面
油面应达到机油标尺上的刻线标记,不足时应加到规定量
3 检查机油油压是否正常
观察机器启动10min到15min柴油机正常运行后仪表现实
4 检查三漏情况(水、油、气)
观察各密封连接、各管道是否磨损等
5 检查柴油机各附件的安装情况
包括机体安装稳固程度、地脚螺钉、工作机械相连接牢靠性、各管道连接等
6 检查各仪表
观察读数是否正常,否则应及时修理或更换
7
检查喷油泵传动连接盘
连接螺钉是否松动,否则应重行校喷油泵提起前角并拧紧连接螺钉
8 清洁柴油机级附属设备外表

用于布或浸柴油的抹布擦去机身、涡轮增压器、气缸盖罩壳、空气滤清器等表面上的

油迹、水迹和尘埃;擦净或用压缩空气吹净充电发电机、散热器、风扇等表面尘埃


2.一级保养

序号 保养项目 进行程序
1 检查三角橡胶带的张紧程度
加力29-49N按下10-20mm
2 清洗空气滤清器

GUANXINGYOUYUSHIKONGQILVQINGQIYINGQINGXIGANGSIRONGXIN,GENGHUANJIYOU;PEN(XUANFENG)SHISHIKONGQILVQINGQI,

应清除集尘盘上的灰尘

3 清洗通气门板内的滤清
将机体通气门板中的滤芯取出,放在柴油或汽油中清洗吹净
4 更换燃油滤清器
柴油机每运行400h更换燃油滤芯
5 更换机油滤清器
柴油机每运行400h更换机油滤芯
6 更换油底壳中的机油
根据机油使用状况(油的脏污和粘度降低程度)每隔200-300h更换一次
7 加注润滑油或润滑脂
对所有注油嘴及机械式转速表接头等处,加注符合规定的润滑脂或机油
8 清洗冷却水散热器
用清洁的水通入散热器中,清楚其中沉淀物质至净为止

3.二级保养

序号 保养项目 进行程序
1 检查喷油器
检查喷油压力观察喷雾情况,另进行必要的清洗和调整
2 检查喷油泵

3 检查气门间隙,喷油提前角

4 检查进、排气门和密封情况
拆下气缸盖、观察配合锥面的密封,磨损情况,必要时进行研磨
5 检查水泵漏水情况
如渗水口滴水成流时应调换封水圈
6 检查气缸套封水圈的封水情况

CHAIXIAJITIDACHUANGKOUGAIBAN、CONGQIGANGTAOXIADUANJIANCHASHIFOUYOULOUSHUIXIANXIANG,FOUZEYINGCHAICHUQIGANGTAO,

脱兔电竞 DIAOHUANXINDEXIANGJIAOFENGSHUIQUAN

7 检查传动机构盖板上喷油塞
拆下前盖板,检查喷油塞喷孔是否畅通,如堵塞,应清理
8

JIANCHALENGQUESHUISANREQIHE

机油散热器,机油冷却器

如有漏水、漏油,应进行必要修补
9 检查主要主要零件的紧固情况

DUILIANGANLUODING、QUGUAILUOMU、QIGANGGAILUOMUDENGJINXINGJIANCHA,BIYAOSHICHAIXIAJIANCHABINGZHONGXINNINGJIN

脱兔电竞 ZHIGUIDINGNIUJU

10 检查电器设备
各电线接头是否接牢,有烧损的应及时更换
11 清洗冷却系统管道

脱兔电竞 KEYONGMEISHENGJIA150gKEXINGNA(NaOH)DERONGYEGUANMANCHAIYOUJILENGQUEXITONGTINGLIU8-12hHOUKAIDONG

CHAIYOUJI,SHICHUSHUIWENDAO75℃YISHANG,FANGDIAOQINGXIYE,ZAIYONGGANJINGSHUIQINGXILENGQUEXITONG

12 清洗涡轮增压器的气、油道
包括清洗导风轮,压气机叶轮,压气机壳内表面,涡轮及涡轮壳等零件油污和积碳

4.三级保养

序号 保养项目 进行程序
1 检查气缸盖组件

脱兔电竞 JIANCHAQIMEN、QIMENZUO、QIMENDAOGUAN、QIMENDANHUANG、TUIGANHEYAOBEIPEIHEMIANDEMOSUNQINGKUANG,

BIYAOSHIJINXINGXIUMOHUOGENGHUAN

2 检查活塞连杆组件
检查活塞环、气缸套、连杆小头衬套及连杆轴瓦的磨损情况,必要时更换
3 检测曲拐组件

JIANCHATUILIZHOUCHENG,TUILIBANDEMOSUNQINGKUANG,GUNDONGZHUZHOUCHENGNEIWAIQUANSHIFOUYOUZHOUXIANGYOUDONGXIANXIANG,

脱兔电竞 BIYAOSHIGENGHUAN

4 检查传动机构和配气相位

JIANCHAPEIQIXIANGWEI,GUANCHACHUANDONGCHILUNNIEHEMIANMOSUNQINGKUANG,BINGJINXINGNIEHEJIANXIDECESHI,

脱兔电竞 BIYAOSHIJINXINGXIULIHUOGENGHUAN

5 检查喷油器
检查喷油器雾化情况,必要时将喷嘴偶件进行研磨或更换
6 检查喷油泵
检查柱塞偶件的密封性和飞铁销的磨损情况,必要时更换
7 检查涡轮增压器
检查涡轮增压器
8 检查机油泵,淡水泵
对易损零件进行拆检和测量,并进行调整
9 检查气缸盖和进、排气管垫片
已损坏或失去密封作用的应更换
10 检查充电发电机和直流电机

QINGXIGEJIJIAN、ZHOUCHENG、QIANGANHOUJIAZHUXINDERUNHUAYOU,JIANCHAQIDONGDIANJICHILUNMOSUNQINGKUANG

JICHUANDONGZHUANGZHISHIFOULINGHUO

起动前的准备

脱兔电竞   a. JIANCHACHAIYOUJIGEBUFENSHIFOUZHENGCHANG,GEFUJIANLIANJIESHIFOUKEKAO,BINGPAICHUBUZHENGCHANGXIANXIANG

  b. JIANCHADIANQIDONGXITONGDIANLUSHIFOUZHENGQUE,XUDIANCHISHIFOUCHONGZU

  c. XIANGYOUDIQIAONEIJIAZHUJIYOUZHIGUIDINGYOUMIANWEIZHI

  d. XIANGLENGQUEXITONGNEIJIAZHULENGQUEYE,DUICAIYONGKAISHIXUNHUANLENGQUEXITONGDEYINGJIETONGSHUIYUAN

  e. DUIXINJIHUOTINGFANGZUOWEIYINGJIYONGDECHAIYOUJI,WEIBIANYUZAIJIYONGSHINENGXUNSUQIDONGYUNXING,ZAITINGFANGQINEI,MEIGE3-5TIANYINGQIDONGSHIYUNXINGYICIZHISHUI、YOUWENDUDADAO60℃YISHANGWEIZHI

  ZHUYI:CHAIYOUJIBIXUKONGZAIQIDONG

柴油机起动

脱兔电竞   CHAIYOUJIDEQIDONGXINGNENGYUCHAIYOUJIGANGSHU、YASUOBI、QIDONGSHIDEHUANJINGWENDU、XUANYONGYOULIAODEGUIGEHESHIFOUYURECUOSHIYOUGUAN。YIBANFENWEIBUDAIFUZHUCUOSHIDECHANGGUIQIDONGHECAIYONGQIDONGFUZHUCUOSHIDEDIWENQIDONGLIANGZHONGXIANFENSHURUXIA:

脱兔电竞   1.CHANGGUIQIDONG:

脱兔电竞   CHAIYOUJI6135CHANGGUIQIDONGZUIDIHUANJINGWENDU0℃    12V135CHANGGUIQIDONGZUIDIHUANJINGWENDU5℃

脱兔电竞   a、 TUOKAICHAIYOUJIYUFUZAILIANDONGZHUANGZHI

脱兔电竞   b、 JIANGPENYOUQIDIAOSUQIDIAOZHIKONGZAI,ZHUANSU700r/minZUOYOU

脱兔电竞   c、 YONGYAOCHIDAKAISHICHAIYOUJIQIDONG,RUGUO12SNEIWEINENGQIDONG,YINGLIJISHIFANG,GUO2minHOUZAIZUODI2CIQIDONG,RUGUOLIANXU3CIBUNENGQIDONGSHI,YINGTINGZHIQIDONG,ZHAOCHUYUANYINBINGPAICHUGUZHANGHOUZAIXINGQIDONG

  d、 CHAIYOUJIQIDONGCHENGGONGHOU,YINGLIJISHIFANGANNIUJIANG,JIANGDIANYAOCHIBOHUIZHONGJIANWEIZHI,TONGSHIZHUYIJIYOUYALIBIAO,BIXUZAIQIDONGHOU15SNEIXIANSHIDUSHU,QIDUSHUYINGBUDAYU0.05Kpa,RANHOURANGCHAIYOUJIZAI750r/minZUOYOUDEZHUANSUXIAKONGZAI3-5minYUNZHUAN,BINGJIANCHACHAIYOUJIGEBUFENYUNZHUANSHIFOUZHENGCHANG

脱兔电竞   2.DIWENQIDONG:

脱兔电竞   DIWENQIDONGSHIZHIDIYUCHAIYOUJICHANGGUIQIDONGHUANJINGWENDUXIAQIDONG,QIDONGSHI,YONGHUGENJUSHIJISHIYONGDEHUANJINGWENDUCAIYONGXIANGYINGDEDIWENQIDONGFUZHUCUOSHI,RANHOUANCHANGGUIQIDONGDEBUZHOUJINXING,YIBANCAIQUDECUOSHIYOURUXIAJIZHONG:

  a、JIANGCHAIYOUJIDEJIYOUHELENGQUEYEYUREZHI60-80℃

脱兔电竞   b、ZAIJINQIGUANNEIANZHUANGYUREJINQIZHUANGZHIHUOZAIJINQIGUANKOUCAIYONGJIANDANDEDIANHUOJIAREJINQIDEFANGFA

  c、TIGAOJIFANGDEHUANJINGWENDU

  d、XUANYONGSHIYINGDEDIWENXUYAODECHAIYOU,JIYOUHELENGQUEYE

脱兔电竞   e、DUIXUDIANCHICAIQUBAOWENCUOSHIHUOCAIYONGJIADARONGLIANG,HUOTESHUDEDIWENXUDIANCHI

  3.CHAIYOUJIDEYURE:

  CHAIYOUJIQIDONGHOU,KONGZAIYUNZHUANSHIBUYICHAOGUO5min,JIKEZHUBUZENGJIAZHUANSUDAO100-100r/min,BINGJINRUBUFENFUHEYUNZHUAN,DAICHAIYOUJIDECHUSHUIWENDUGAOYU75℃、JIYOUWENDUGAOYU50℃、JIYOUYALIGAOYA0.25MpaSHICAIYUNXUJINRUFUHEYUNZHUAN

脱兔电竞   ZHUYI:TEBIESHIZAIDIWENQIDONGHOU,ZHUANSUDEZENGJIAYINGJINKENNENGDEHUANMAN,YIQUEBAOZHOUCHENGDEDAOZUGOUDERUNHUA,BINGSHIJIYOUWENDING